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Stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) in marine ecosystem are useful proxies for environmental record. In this study, a time-series analysis of δ13C and δ15N in two black coral samples collected from off-shore and near-shore environment was performed to investigate variations in climate and environment changes over the last 110 years. The results showed a decreasing trend of δ13C in both samples, implying an increase of fossil fuel consumption in modern age - the Suess effect. Meanwhile, a difference in δ15N between the offshore and nearshore black coral samples can be attributed to atmospheric transport of natural terrigenous source input and local anthropogenic activities. This study demonstrates that black coral has advantages as an environmental proxy compared with other traditional ones, and suggests that δ13C and δ15N in black coral can be used as new proxy indicators for climate changes related to anthropogenic activities. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Dan Wu, Fenfen Zhang, Xiaodi Zhang, Xiubao Li, Hui Huang, Huan Feng, Jing Zhang. Stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) in black coral as new proxies for environmental record. Marine pollution bulletin. 2021 Mar;164:112007

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PMID: 33485021

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