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    Lipid accumulation in mammals has been widely studied for decades due to its significant association with obesity in humans and meat quality in livestock animals. Fatty acid transport 1 (FATP1) is an evolutionarily conserved protein that localizes to the plasma membrane to enhance the transportation of fatty acids (FAs). In line with this function, FATP1 is involved in the metabolism of FAs, including their esterification and oxidation. In addition, the expression of FATP1 can be regulated by several energy-related factors, such as insulin and PPAR activators and transcription factors. These events connect FATP1 with cellular lipid accumulation. Recently, several studies have suggested that FATP1 acts as a facilitator in cellular lipid accumulation, whereas others hold a contrary view. Here, we will review these data and probe the possibility that FATP1 acts as a regulator in lipid accumulation, which will provide effective information for studies on the relationship between FATP1 and obesity in humans and meat quality in livestock animals.

    Citation

    Jieping Huang, Ruirui Zhu, Deshun Shi. The role of FATP1 in lipid accumulation: a review. Molecular and cellular biochemistry. 2021 Apr;476(4):1897-1903


    PMID: 33486652

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