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Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) polymorphisms at positions of +49 and CT60 in donors have been reported to influence clinical outcome following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), such as overall survival (OS), disease free survival (DFS), relapse and the risk of graft versus host disease (GVHD). However, the results still remain controversial. Thus, we conducted the first meta-analysis to get a more accurate estimation of the relationship between CTLA-4 genotype and the above end points. PubMed, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane Library were searched to select eligible studies, data were extracted and then combined ORs/HRs together with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Both the dominant and recessive models were employed to evaluate the associations between genetic variation in donor CTLA-4 and outcome after allo-HSCT. A total of 15 studies were included the pooled results indicated that +49 GG homozygote in donors was significantly associated with increased risk of chronic GVHD (OR=1.701, 95% CI, 1.124-2.573, P=0.012, I2=34.7%). With regard to CT60 polymorphism, donors with G allele correlated with worse OS (HR = 1.422, 95% CI, 1.080-1.872, P=0.012, I2=0%) and lower susceptibility to severe acute GVHD (HR=0.619, 95% CI, 0.426-0.899, P=0.012, I2=0%). There was no significant association between CTLA-4 polymorphism and DFS or the incidence of relapse. The present meta-analysis suggests that donors with CT60 G allele might be associated with worse OS but reduced severe aGVHD occurrence, while patients transplanted from donors with GG genotype at position of +49 are more likely to suffer from cGVHD.


Zhuo Wang, Yunwei Zhang, Yazhe Du, Fei Song, Sujun Gao. Association of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) single nucleotide polymorphism in donors with clinical outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a meta-analysis. Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 2021 Dec;26(1):144-152

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PMID: 33491603

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