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The formation of G-quadruplex (G4) structures in Human telomeric DNA (H-Telo) has been demonstrated to inhibit the activity of telomerase enzyme that is associated with the proliferation of many cancer cells. Accordingly, G-quadruplex structures have become one of the well-established targets in anticancer therapeutic strategies. And, the development of simple and selective detection platforms for G4 structures has become a significant focus of research in recent years. In this study, a simple "off-on" fluorometric method was developed for the selective detection of picomolar quantities of H-Telo G4 DNA based on a fluorescent cerium-based metal organic framework (Ce-MOF) conjugated with hemin to form the sensing probe, Hemin@Ce-MOF. The solvothermal synthesis of the Ce-MOF took advantage of 5-aminoisophtlalic acid (5AIPA) as the organic bridging ligand, (Ce2(5AIPA)3(DMF)2). Characterization of Ce-MOF and Hemin@Ce-MOF was performed by XRD, XPS, TEM, SEM, BET and FTIR techniques. The detection and quantification of the H-Telo was carried out through the adsorption/incorporation of hemin molecules on the pores and surface of Ce-MOF resulting in the fluorescent quenching of the system followed by the restoration of the fluorescence upon addition of H-Telo probably due to a competition between H-Telo and Ce-MOF to bind to hemin. The impact of the key variables including MOF quantity, hemin concentration and detection time was investigated and optimized. Under the optimized conditions, the developed probe provides a limit of detection (LOD) of 665 pM, linear dynamic range (LDR) of 1.6-39.7 nM and excellent selectivity towards H-Telo. Taken together, these results present a simple, novel and superior platform for the selective detection of H-Telo G4 DNA. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Vahid Javan Kouzegaran, Khalil Farhadi, Mehrdad Forough, Morteza Bahram, Özgül Persil Çetinkol. Highly-sensitive and fast detection of human telomeric G-Quadruplex DNA based on a hemin-conjugated fluorescent metal-organic framework platform. Biosensors & bioelectronics. 2021 Apr 15;178:112999

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PMID: 33493897

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