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African swine fever (ASF), caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV), was first reported in Kenya in 1921, but an effective vaccine or antiviral drug is still not available for ASFV control. Rapid and effective diagnostics are key steps in managing ASF. We generated two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the ASFV phosphoprotein P30 and designated these as 3H7A7 and 6H9A10. Epitope mapping revealed that MAb 3H7A7 and 6H9A10 recognized aa 144-154 and aa 12-18 of P30, respectively. A signal-amplified sandwich colloidal gold test strip for rapid detection of ASFV was developed based using these MAbs. Sensitivity and specificity analysis showed that the detection limit of the strip was 2.16 ng of P30. The strip only reacted with ASFV and did not react with other common porcine viruses. In detection tests using 153 clinical field samples including sera, plasma, anticoagulant-treated blood, and tissue, the strip had 95.42% concordance with real-time PCR. The new MAbs specific for P30 and the rapid colloidal gold test strip helped to reveal novel B cell epitopes in P30 and provide an efficient diagnostic test for on-site clinical detection of ASF.


Xinyu Zhang, Xiaoyu Liu, Xiaodong Wu, Weijie Ren, Yanli Zou, Xiaoli Xia, Huaichang Sun. A colloidal gold test strip assay for the detection of African swine fever virus based on two monoclonal antibodies against P30. Archives of virology. 2021 Mar;166(3):871-879

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PMID: 33495899

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