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    Actinomycotic mycetoma is a disease of the tropical region and usually presents as a chronic, suppurative and deforming granulomatous infection. We present an unusual case of actinomycotic mycetoma of the abdominal wall that was found to infiltrate into the bowel. A 51 year-old man presented with pain and swelling in the left flank of 2-year duration. Even after comprehensive preoperative evaluation with advanced radiological imaging, biochemistry and pathology, the diagnosis could not be arrived at. Histopathological examination of the excised specimen after the surgery guided to the diagnosis of actinomycotic mycetoma, which entirely changed the management in the postoperative period. We propose that mycetoma should be kept as a possible differential diagnosis for anterior abdominal wall swelling in the indicated clinical setting and the investigations be done keeping the same in mind. Otherwise, a lot of valuable time may be lost allowing the disease to progress further. © BMJ Publishing Group Limited 2021. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.


    Anuj Kumar Sharma, Alok Kumar Pandey, Sumesh Kaistha, Kumar Rajesh Ranjan. Abdominal wall actinomycotic mycetoma involving the bowel: a rare entity. BMJ case reports. 2021 Jan 27;14(1)

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    PMID: 33504519

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