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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of mortality worldwide. How stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) progresses to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is not known. This study was aimed to explore the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and pathways involved in the progression of SCAD to AMI. Publicly available gene-expression profiles (GSE71226, GSE97320, GSE66360) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and integrated to identify DEGs. The GSE59867 dataset was further used to verify the result of screened DEGs. Functional-enrichment analyses, protein-protein interaction network, microRNA-transcription factor (TF)-mRNA regulatory network, and drug-gene network were visualized. Sixty common DEGs (CDEGs) were screened between the SCAD-Control group and AMI-Control group in the integrated dataset. Four upregulated DEGs were selected from GSE59867. Twenty hub genes were discovered, and three significant modules were constructed in the PPI network. The intersection of functional and pathway-enrichment analyses of 60 CDEGs and the module DEGs indicated that they were mainly involved in "inflammatory response", "immune response", and "cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction". A miRNA-TF-mRNA regulatory network comprised 87 miRNAs, 16 upregulated target DEGs and 7 TFs. We identified several important genes and miRNAs involved in the progression of SCAD to AMI: platelet activating factor receptor (PTAFR), aquaoporin-9 (AQP9), toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4), human constitutive androstane receptor-3 (HCAR3), leucine-rich-α2 glycoprotein-1 (LRG1), mothers Against Decapentaplegic Homolog 4 (SMAD4) and miRNA-149-5p, miRNA-6778-3p, and miRNA-520a-3p. Inflammation and the immune response had important roles in the progression from SCAD to AMI.


S-J Xiao, Y-F Zhou, Q Wu, W-R Ma, M-L Chen, D-F Pan. Uncovering the differentially expressed genes and pathways involved in the progression of stable coronary artery disease to acute myocardial infarction using bioinformatics analysis. European review for medical and pharmacological sciences. 2021 Jan;25(1):301-312

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PMID: 33506919

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