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The purpose of this study was to construct a delivery system using a microfluidic chip to protect procyanidins (PCs) and to achieve their pH-controlled release in simulated gastrointestinal fluid. The microfluidic chip was designed and fabricated to generate water-in-water-in-oil (W/W/O) templates for the preparation of sodium alginate/chitosan microparticles with a uniform size and core-shell structure, using an internal-external gelation method. Compared with free PCs, the stability of PCs embedded in microparticles was improved and a pH stimulus-responsive release of PCs from microparticles was observed under neutral pH conditions. The delivery system of microparticles was nontoxic and showed an inhibitory effect on the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential in Caco-2 cells caused by H2O2 and acrylamide. This work provided a method for fabricating compact microfluidic chips to prepare a pH stimulus-responsive PCs delivery system with improved stability, which may have potential applications in the delivery of other nutrients.


Shanshan Tie, Wentao Su, Xuedi Zhang, Yannan Chen, Xue Zhao, Mingqian Tan. pH-Responsive Core-Shell Microparticles Prepared by a Microfluidic Chip for the Encapsulation and Controlled Release of Procyanidins. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2021 Feb 10;69(5):1466-1477

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PMID: 33507744

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