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Abnormalities of corpus callosum are one of the most common brain anomalies. Fetuses with isolated corpus callosum agenesis (CCA) have a better prognosis than those with additional anomalies. However, unpredictable neurodevelopmental outcomes of truly isolated CCA make prenatal counseling a challenge. The aim of this review is to evaluate neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with prenatal diagnosis of isolated CCA. Controlled clinical trials published between May 23, 2009, and May 23, 2019, using the MeSH term "agenesis of corpus callosum" were reviewed. A total of 942 articles were identified, and 8 studies were included in the systematic review depending on the inclusion criteria. These studies included 217 fetuses with isolated CCA and no other anomalies at prenatal assessment. Neurodevelopmental outcome was reported to be normal in 83 children with a prenatal diagnosis of isolated CCA confirmed at birth within 128 completed assessments. About 45 children presented borderline, moderate, or severe neurodevelopmental outcome. In this review, neurodevelopment was favorable in two-thirds of the cases, but mild disabilities emerged in older children. Despite this, disabilities can occur later beyond school age and a low risk of severe cognitive impairment exists. Our study highlights the essential early diagnosis and proper supportive therapy. © 2021 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Sara Bernardes da Cunha, Maria Carolina Carneiro, Maria Miguel Sa, Andrea Rodrigues, Carla Pina. Neurodevelopmental Outcomes following Prenatal Diagnosis of Isolated Corpus Callosum Agenesis: A Systematic Review. Fetal diagnosis and therapy. 2021;48(2):88-95

PMID: 33517337

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