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Mesotrypsin is a low-abundance human trypsin isoform with a unique evolutionary mutation that conferred resistance to trypsin inhibitors and restricted substrate specificity. Mesotrypsin degrades the serine protease inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) and thereby might increase risk for pancreatitis. Here, we report a mouse model designed to test the role of mesotrypsin in pancreatitis. We introduced the human mesotrypsin evolutionary signature mutation into mouse cationic trypsinogen (isoform T7), resulting in a Gly to Arg change at the corresponding position 199. In biochemical experiments using purified proteins, the p.G199R T7 mutant recapitulated all salient features of human mesotrypsin. T7G199R mice developed normally with no spontaneous pancreatitis or other obvious phenotypic changes. Cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in C57BL/6N and T7G199R mice showed similar severity with respect to inflammatory parameters and acinar cell necrosis while plasma amylase activity was higher in T7G199R mice. Neither SPINK1 degradation nor elevated intrapancreatic trypsin activation was apparent in T7G199R mice. The results indicate that in T7G199R mice the newly created mesotrypsin-like activity has no significant impact on cerulein-induced pancreatitis. The observations suggest that human mesotrypsin is unimportant for pancreatitis; a notion that is consistent with published human genetic studies. Copyright © 2021 IAP and EPC. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Dóra Mosztbacher, Miklós Sahin-Tóth. Mouse model suggests limited role for human mesotrypsin in pancreatitis. Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.]. 2021 Mar;21(2):342-352

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PMID: 33526384

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