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To investigate the expression levels of membrane-anchored complement regulatory proteins (mCRPs), CD46, CD55 and CD59 in oral lichen planus (OLP), and evaluate the activation status of complement. Thirty-seven cases of OLP patients (20 non-erosive OLP and 17 erosive OLP) and twenty healthy controls were recruited in this study. The proteins and mRNA expression levels of CD46, CD55 and CD59 in OLP tissues were detected by western blotting and RT-qPCR respectively, and the expression levels of complement C3 and sC5b-9 in OLP patients' saliva were detected by ELISA to evaluate the activation status of complement. In addition, mucosa tissues of another 3 non-erosive OLP patients and another 3 healthy controls were collected, and the epithelial layer of two groups were separated to culture primary keratinocytes in vitro. Immunofluorescence was used to further detect the expression of mCRPs at the cellular level. The levels of CD46, CD55 and CD59 in OLP tissues and cells were significantly decreased compared with those of the healthy control group, and the level of complement C3 in the patients' saliva was significantly decreased, while the level of sC5b-9 was increased. These results suggest that the reduced expression of mCRPs keeps the complement system in a continuously active state, which may be the reason of the persistent local immune inflammatory state in OLP. This study aimed to provide new insights for the etiology and therapy of OLP. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Lulu Li, Beibei Cong, Xixi Yu, Songsong Deng, Mengjia Liu, Yiheng Wang, Wanchun Wang, Meihua Gao, Yingjie Xu. The expression of membrane-bound complement regulatory proteins CD46, CD55 and CD59 in oral lichen planus. Archives of oral biology. 2021 Apr;124:105064

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PMID: 33529836

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