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    Our recent study reported that ATP1B3 inhibits hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication via inducing NF-κB activation. However, ATP1B3 mutants which were defective in NF-κB activation still maintained the moderate degree of suppression on HBV replication, suggesting that another uncharacterized mechanism is also responsible for ATP1B3-mediated HBV suppression. Here, we demonstrated that ATP1B3 reduced the expression of HBV envelope proteins LHBs, MHBs and SHBs, but had no effect on intracellular HBV DNA, RNA levels as well as HBV promoter activities. Further investigation showed that proteasome inhibitor MG132 rescued ATP1B3-mediated envelope proteins degradation, demonstrating that proteasome-dependent pathway is involved in ATP1B3-induced degradation of envelope proteins. Co-IP showed that ATP1B3 interacts with LHBs and MHBs and induces LHBs and MHBs polyubiquitination. Immunofluorescence co-localization analysis confirmed LHBs and MHBs colocalized with ATP1B3 together. Our work provides important information for targeting ATP1B3 as a potential therapeutic molecule for HBV infection. © 2021. Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS.

    Citation

    Jun Zhang, Tianhang Zheng, Xiaolei Zhou, Hong Wang, Zhaolong Li, Chen Huan, Baisong Zheng, Wenyan Zhang. ATP1B3 Restricts Hepatitis B Virus Replication Via Reducing the Expression of the Envelope Proteins. Virologica Sinica. 2021 Aug;36(4):678-691

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    PMID: 33534085

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