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We dual-labeled an intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) and evaluated its effectiveness for lesion detection and surgical navigation in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) via multiple noninvasive imaging approaches, including positron emission tomography (PET), near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF), and Cerenkov luminescence imaging (CLI). ICAM-1 expression in PDAC cell lines (BxPC-3 and AsPC-1) was assessed via flow cytometry and immunofluorescent staining. An ICAM-1 mAb labeled by IRDye 800CW and radionuclide zirconium-89 (denoted as [89Zr]Zr-DFO-ICAM-1-IR800) was synthesized. Its performance was validated via in vivo comparative PET/NIRF/CLI and biodistribution (Bio-D) studies in nude mice bearing subcutaneous BxPC-3/AsPC-1 tumors or orthotopic BxPC-3 tumor models using nonspecific IgG as an isotype control tracer. ICAM-1 expression was strong in the BxPC-3 and minimal in the AsPC-1 cell line. Both multimodality imaging and Bio-D data exhibited more prominent uptake of [89Zr]Zr-DFO-ICAM-1-IR800 in BxPC-3 tumors than in AsPC-1 tumors. The uptake of [89Zr]Zr-DFO-IgG-IR800 in BxPC-3 tumors was similar to that of [89Zr]Zr-DFO-ICAM-1-IR800 in AsPC-1 tumors. These results demonstrate the desirable affinity and specificity of [89Zr]Zr-DFO-ICAM-1-IR800 compared to [89Zr]Zr-DFO-IgG-IR800. Orthotopic BxPC-3 tumor foci could also be clearly delineated by [89Zr]Zr-DFO-ICAM-1-IR800. An intermodal match was achieved in the ICAM-1-targeted immunoPET/NIRF/CLI. The positive expression levels of ICAM-1 in BxPC-3 tumor tissue were further confirmed by immunohistopathology. We successfully developed a dual-labeled ICAM-1-targeted tracer for PET/NIRF/CLI of PDAC that can facilitate better diagnosis and intervention of PDAC upon clinical translation.


Miao Li, Weijun Wei, Todd E Barnhart, Dawei Jiang, Tianye Cao, Kevin Fan, Jonathan W Engle, Jianjun Liu, Weiyu Chen, Weibo Cai. ImmunoPET/NIRF/Cerenkov multimodality imaging of ICAM-1 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. 2021 Feb 03

PMID: 33537836

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