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    Flexible pressure sensors have attracted increasing attention because they can mimic human skin to sense external pressure; however, for mimicking human skin, the sensing of a pressure point is far from sufficient. To realize fully biomimetic skins, it is crucial for flexible sensors to have high resolution and high sensitivity. We conducted simulations and experiments to determine the relationship between the sensor sensitivity and physical parameters, such as the effective relative permittivity and air ratio of the dielectric layer. According to the results, a micropillar-poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) dielectric layer was designed to achieve high sensitivity (0.43 kPa-1) in the low-pressure regime (<1 kPa). An 8 × 8 pixel sensor matrix was prepared based on a micropillar-PVDF (MP) film and electrode array (MPEA) to detect the pressure distribution with high resolution (13 dpi). Each pixel could reflect the point of applied pressure through an obvious change in the relative capacitance; moreover, objects with various geometries could be mapped by the pixels of the flexible sensor. A counterweight, a plastic flag, and pine leaves were placed on the flexible sensor, and the shapes were successfully mapped; in particular, the mapping of the ∼0.005 g ultra-lightweight pine leaves with a length of 7 mm and a width of 0.6 mm shows the high sensitivity and high resolution of our flexible pressure sensor.


    Zebang Luo, Jing Chen, Zhengfang Zhu, Lin Li, Yi Su, Wei Tang, Olatunji Mumini Omisore, Lei Wang, Hui Li. High-Resolution and High-Sensitivity Flexible Capacitive Pressure Sensors Enhanced by a Transferable Electrode Array and a Micropillar-PVDF Film. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2021 Feb 17;13(6):7635-7649

    PMID: 33539065

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