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DNA gyrase is an essential type II topoisomerase that is composed of two subunits, GyrA and GyrB, and has an A2 B2 structure. Although the A and B subunits are required in equal proportions to form DNA gyrase, the gyrA and gyrB genes that encode them in Salmonella (and in many other bacteria) are at separate locations on the chromosome, are under separate transcriptional control, and are present in different copy numbers in rapidly growing bacteria. In wild-type Salmonella, gyrA is near the chromosome's replication terminus, while gyrB is near the origin. We generated a synthetic gyrBA operon at the oriC-proximal location of gyrB to test the significance of the gyrase gene position for Salmonella physiology. Although the strain producing gyrase from an operon had a modest alteration to its DNA supercoiling set points, most housekeeping functions were unaffected. However, its SPI-2 virulence genes were expressed at a reduced level and its survival was reduced in macrophage. Our data reveal that the horizontally acquired SPI-2 genes have a greater sensitivity to disturbance of DNA topology than the core genome and we discuss its significance in the context of Salmonella genome evolution and the gyrA and gyrB gene arrangements found in other bacteria. © 2021 The Authors. Molecular Microbiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


German Pozdeev, Aalap Mogre, Charles J Dorman. Consequences of producing DNA gyrase from a synthetic gyrBA operon in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Molecular microbiology. 2021 Jun;115(6):1410-1429

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PMID: 33539568

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