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Inhibition of tyrosinase activity contributes to the control of food browning and skin pigmentation diseases. Herein, the inhibitory mechanism of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and gallocatechin gallate (GCG) on tyrosinase were investigated. Both EGCG and GCG inhibited tyrosinase in a mixed manner with the IC50 values of 39.4 ± 0.54 μM and 36.8 ± 0.21 μM, and showed a synergism with their combination, while EGCG and GCG combined with kojic acid (IC50 = 19.2 ± 0.26 μM) exhibited antagonism and additive effect, respectively. EGCG and GCG interacted with tyrosinase mainly by hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions and induced a looser conformation of tyrosinase. Molecular docking indicated that EGCG and GCG bound to the active center of tyrosinase and interacted with copper ions and key amino acid residues. Molecular dynamics simulation further characterized the structure and property of EGCG/GCG-tyrosinase complex. This study provides novel insights into the mechanism of catechins as tyrosinase inhibitors. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Xin Song, Mengting Ni, Ying Zhang, Guowen Zhang, Junhui Pan, Deming Gong. Comparing the inhibitory abilities of epigallocatechin-3-gallate and gallocatechin gallate against tyrosinase and their combined effects with kojic acid. Food chemistry. 2021 Jul 01;349:129172

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PMID: 33545599

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