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    Our understanding on the immunological roles of pathogen recognition in innate immunity has vastly increased over the past 20 years. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLR) are cytosolic pattern recognition receptors (PRR) that are responsible for sensing microbial motifs and endogenous damage signals in mammalian cytosol for immune surveillance and host defense. The accumulating discoveries on these NLR sensors in allergic diseases suggest that the pathogenesis of allergic diseases may not be confined to the adaptive immune response. Therapy targeting NLR in murine models also shields light on its potential in the treatment of allergies in man. In this review, we herein summarize the recent understanding of the role of NLR sensors and their molecular mechanisms involved in allergic inflammation, including atopic dermatitis and allergic asthma.


    Miranda Sin-Man Tsang, Tianheng Hou, Ben Chung-Lap Chan, Chun Kwok Wong. Immunological Roles of NLR in Allergic Diseases and Its Underlying Mechanisms. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Feb 03;22(4)

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    PMID: 33546184

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