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In Fraxinus mandshurica, we successfully isolated and identified the loose, uniform and creamy-white cambial meristematic cells (CMCs) from newborn shoots, and established a culture technology for induction, proliferation and differentiation of CMCs. In this technology, higher induction rate (83.0%, 0.57-fold to the control) was obtained by an effective pretreatment after 28-day induction culture, CMCs can be better proliferation cultured than common calli and maintain same growth states after several times of cultures and 3.3% CMCs primarily realized differentiation. Gene expressions in the differentiated CMCs revealed that, low expression of FmWOX5 (regulator in establishment of competence for shoot formation, 0.09-fold to the control) and high expressions of FmWOX4 (cambium stem cell regulator, 16.7-fold to the control) and 9 key genes in shoot regeneration (2.4-fold-72.1-fold to the control) function in CMCs differentiation. In addition to the function of high expression of PHAVOLUTA (FmPHV) in CMCs differentiation (5.4-fold-157.3-fold to undifferentiated CMCs), functions of high expression of FmPHV in CMCs identification (22.4-fold to common calli) and generating more shoots (2.3-fold to the control) by significantly changing expressions of key regulators in HD-Zip Class III related shoot regeneration networks in positive transgenic plants through the hypocotyl transforming system in F. mandshurica, were further revealed. These works were of profound significance in providing the culture technology of CMCs from newborn shoots in F. mandshurica for the first time and revealing the positive functions of FmPHV in CMCs identification and differentiation in F. mandshurica and promoting the shoot regeneration by hypocotyls. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Liming He, Jiawei Zhang, Dongwei Guo, Hongmei Tian, Yang Cao, Xintong Ji, Yaguang Zhan. Establishment of the technology of cambial meristematic cells (CMCs) culture from shoots and high expression of FmPHV (PHAVOLUTA) functions in identification and differentiation of CMCs and promoting the shoot regeneration by hypocotyl in Fraxinus mandshurica. Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB. 2021 Mar;160:352-364

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PMID: 33548802

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