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To investigate the exact relationship between CT tumor size and the microscopic tumor size in PDAC. We enrolled 310 patients with pathologically confirmed PDAC without preoperative adjuvant therapies who underwent CT examination from June 2016 and December 2018. Smooth curve fitting and a segmented regression model were used to analyze the threshold effect between CT tumor size and the microscopic tumor size. The tumor size was 2.93±1.15 cm under the microscope and 3.00±1.23 cm in CT. The mean bias was 0.067 cm between CT and microscopic assessments. The accuracy of CT T stages was 61.02% (36/59), 79.41% (162/204) and 57.45% (27/47) in T1, T2 and T3, respectively. A non-linear relationship was detected between CT tumor size and the microscopic tumor size, with a turning point of 4.3 cm. On the left of the inflection point, the effect size, 95% confidence interval, and p value were 0.51, 0.40 to 0.63, and <0.0001, respectively. However, we observed no relationship between CT size and microscopic tumor size on the right of the inflection point (0.22, 0 to 0.44, 0.053). The relationship between CT and the microscopic tumor size is non-linear. When the CT tumor size was <4.3 cm, every 1-cm increase in CT tumor size was associated with a 0.56 cm increase in microscopic tumor size. When the CT tumor size was >4.3 cm, every 1-cm increase in CT tumor size was associated with a 0.91 cm increase in microscopic tumor size. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Yun Bian, Hui Jiang, Kai Cao, Xu Fang Mms, Jing Li, Chao Ma, Jianming Zheng, Jianping Lu. The relationship between microscopic tumor size and CT tumor size in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Clinical imaging. 2020 Nov 27;76:30-37


PMID: 33548890

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