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    Zirconia restorations create significant artifacts on 3D cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging. Static computer-assisted implant surgery (s-CAIS) relies on the accuracy of superimposition between an intraoral surface scan and CBCT imaging. However, how the artifacts from zirconia on the tomographic image might affect the predictability of s-CAIS is unclear. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of zirconia crown restorations on the superimposition process for s-CAIS. Four stone casts generated 4 groups: a control group (CG) with no crowns and 3 experimental groups with 4 (TG4), 7 (TG7), and 13 (TG13) zirconia crowns. A total of 40 CBCT scans were made for the 4 groups (n=10). All CBCTs were imported into a computer planning software program, and the casts from all 4 groups were scanned by using a high-resolution laboratory scanner. The standard tessellation language (STL) files were imported, segmented, and the 3 files superimposed for all groups. The accuracy of the superimposition was assessed, in millimeters, in 3 planes corresponding to anterior-posterior, horizontal, and vertical, as well as the overall measurement, and the results were analyzed statistically (α=.05). The overall analysis demonstrated statistically significant differences between all groups (P<.001), except between CG and TG4. The anterior-posterior dimension demonstrated significant differences between CG and TG7 (P<.001), CG and TG13 (P<.001), TG4 and TG7 (P=.004), and TG4 and TG13 (P=.001). For the vertical dimension analysis, significant differences were found between CG and TG7 (P=.001), CG and TG13 (P<.001), and TG4 and TG13 (P<.001). For the horizontal variable, statistically significant differences were found between CG and TG7 (P=.049), CG and TG13 (P<.001), TG4 and TG13 (P<.001), and TG7 and TG13 (P=.003). The accuracy of the superimposition of the images was influenced by the number of zirconia crowns, with an increased number reducing the superimposition accuracy. Copyright © 2020 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    May Alaidrous, Matthew Finkelman, Yukio Kudara, Hugo C Campos, Yongjeong Kim, Andre Barbisan De Souza. Influence of zirconia crown artifacts on cone beam computed tomography scans and image superimposition of tomographic image and tooth surface scan: An in vitro study. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 2021 Apr;125(4):684.e1-684.e8

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    PMID: 33549342

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