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The envelope glycoprotein E2 of pestiviruses is a major target for neutralizing antibodies. In this study, we analyzed the E2 DA domain of 43 pestiviruses from Southern Brazil. The isolates were identified as Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) subtypes 1a and 1b or BVDV-2b. Compared to reference strains, the BVDV-1 and -2 isolates had four and two mutations in the DA domain, respectively. All BVDV-2 isolates had a deletion of residues 724 and 725. All mutated amino acids in the BVDV isolates had the same aa substitution, and all were in previously identified antibody binding sites. It is possible that an immunity-mediated selection is acting on the pestiviruses circulating in Southern Brazil.

Citation

Carolina de Oliveira Freitas, Pablo Sebastian Britto de Oliveira, Francielle Liz Monteiro, Jéssica Caroline Gomes Noll, José Valter Joaquim Silva Júnior, Rudi Weiblen, Eduardo Furtado Flores. Sequence analysis of the DA domain of glycoprotein E2 of pestiviruses isolated from beef cattle in Southern Brazil. Archives of virology. 2021 Apr;166(4):1163-1170

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PMID: 33554289

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