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To evaluate whether a combined translabyrinthine-transsphenoidal approach can be used to achieve adequate surgical resection of an extensive petrous bone cholesteatoma and create a debris drainage route for the residual cholesteatoma that is maintained long-term. A 71-year-old man with residual petrous temporal bone cholesteatoma that had spread extensively to the internal carotid artery and posterior cranial fossa. Surgical resection of the cholesteatoma via a translabyrinthine approach and creation of a debris drainage route into the nasopharynx via a transsphenoidal approach. Control of unresectable petrous temporal bone cholesteatoma and occurrence of cholesteatoma- or surgery-related complications. Although complete removal of the cholesteatoma was attempted via a translabyrinthine approach, this was not possible because the epithelium of the cholesteatoma was strongly attached to the internal carotid artery and posterior cranial fossa. A debris drainage route leading to the nasopharynx was created by drilling the clivus on the side of the lesion via a transsphenoidal approach. The patient has had no complications since surgery. The drainage route remains open, and the cholesteatoma has been controlled for 57 months. A markedly advanced petrous temporal bone cholesteatoma can be managed safety and reliably by combining a translabyrinthine approach with a transsphenoidal approach. Creation of a debris drainage route into the nasopharynx can prevent isolation of the cholesteatoma and mastoid cavity problems after surgery. This one-stage surgery may be a suitable method for keeping cholesteatoma under control in patients with unresectable petrous bone cholesteatoma. Copyright © 2020, Otology & Neurotology, Inc.


Tsunetaro Morino, Yutaka Yamamoto, Kazuhisa Yamamoto, Manabu Komori, Daiya Asaka, Hiromi Kojima. Management of Intractable Petrous Bone Cholesteatoma With a Combined Translabyrinthine-Transsphenoidal Approach. Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology. 2021 Mar 01;42(3):e311-e316

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PMID: 33555753

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