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    The ribosome CAR interaction surface is hypothesized to provide a layer of translation regulation through hydrogen-bonding to the +1 mRNA codon that is next to enter the ribosome A site during translocation. The CAR surface consists of three residues, 16S/18S rRNA C1054, A1196 (E. coli 16S numbering), and R146 of yeast ribosomal protein Rps3. R146 can be methylated by the Sfm1 methyltransferase which is downregulated in stressed cells. Through molecular dynamics analysis, we show here that methylation of R146 compromises the integrity of CAR by reducing the cation-pi stacking of the R146 guanidinium group with A1196, leading to reduced CAR hydrogen-bonding with the +1 codon. We propose that ribosomes assembled under stressed conditions have unmethylated R146, resulting in elevated CAR/+1 codon interactions, which tunes translation levels in response to the altered cellular context.


    Kristen Scopino, Carol Dalgarno, Clara Nachmanoff, Daniel Krizanc, Kelly M Thayer, Michael P Weir. Arginine Methylation Regulates Ribosome CAR Function. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Jan 29;22(3)

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    PMID: 33572867

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