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The whitefly, Bemisia tabaci MEAM1 Gennadius causes serious losses to Florida vegetable and ornamental production. In 2019, a maximum dose bioassay was administered to 20 field populations of B. tabaci MEAM1 collected from various economic and weed hosts across south Florida to assess insecticide efficacy. The maximum dose bioassay tests the top labeled rate of the insecticide against B. tabaci adults on treated cotton leaves in a Petri dish over a 72-h period. A susceptible laboratory colony of B. tabaci MEAM1 and a colony of B. tabaci MED were also tested. Survival over 72 h was used to produce an area under the maximum dose curve, which was used to compare insecticide effects on different populations. Overall, imidacloprid demonstrated the poorest efficacy, dinotefuran and flupyradifurone were the most effective, and bifenthrin, cyantraniliprole, and thiamethoxam tended to group together, providing intermediate control. Across populations tested, survival in whitefly adults treated with dinotefuran was 50% lower than whiteflies treated with imidacloprid, about 33% lower than whiteflies treated with thiamethoxam, bifenthrin, and cyantraniliprole, and 10% lower than whiteflies treated with flupyradifurone. Efficacy of bifenthrin was less than imidacloprid on some populations, particularly from the Homestead area. Imidacloprid and thiamethoxam had no effect on mortality of the MED population when it was tested after 22 mo in culture without exposure to insecticides, although 7 mo later, these materials resulted in some mortality for the MED population. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:


Bruno Rossitto De Marchi, Hugh Smith, William Turechek, David Riley. A Maximum Dose Bioassay to Assess Efficacy of Key Insecticides Against Bemisia tabaci MEAM1 (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of economic entomology. 2021 Apr 13;114(2):914-921

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PMID: 33580672

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