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Previous studies have shown that the use of Cu electrodes compromises the electrochemical properties of Co-Cr and Ti alloys used for the fabrication of implant retained superstructures by Electro Discharge Machining (EDM). A possible solution is the use of Ti instead of Cu electrodes and thus the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Cu and Ti electrodes on surface and electrochemical properties of two types of dental alloys used for fabrication of implant retained superstructures after EDM. Three full arch frameworks were prepared from a Co-Cr and three from Ti6Al7Nb alloy. One framework from each alloy was used as control, one was subjected to EDM with Cu electrodes and the last one with Ti electrodes. Morphological and elemental characterization was studied by SEM/EDX. The electrochemical properties of the alloys were evaluated by Open Circuit Potential (OCP) and Linear Sweep Voltammetry (LSV) in Ringer's solution. Electrochemical data were analyzed statistically by one way ANOVA and SNK multiple comparison tests at a = 0.05 RESULTS: All groups demonstrate the typical surface after EDM treatment with almost circular valleys and an increase in C and O content compared to control groups. Both alloys demonstrated an uptake of C and Cu by Cu electrodes and C and Ti after treatment with Ti electrodes. The use of Cu electrodes had a detrimental effect on corrosion resistance of Ti alloy. The use of Ti electrodes mitigates the degradation of electrochemical properties compared to Cu electrodes and from this standpoint is safer for the EDM of implant retained superstructures made of Co-Cr and Ti alloys. Copyright © 2021 The Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Makdad Chakmakchi, Argiro Ntasi, Wolf Dieter Mueller, Spiros Zinelis. Effect of Cu and Ti electrodes on surface and electrochemical properties of Electro Discharge Machined (EDMed) structures made of Co-Cr and Ti dental alloys. Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials. 2021 Apr;37(4):588-596

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PMID: 33581911

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