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Germ cell tumors (GCTs) comprise a wide spectrum of benign and malignant tumors. Neonatal GCTs are predominantly teratomas (mature or immature), which are typically cured with surgery alone. Relapses are infrequent even in the setting of microscopic residual disease; therefore, negative surgical margins at the cost of significant morbidity are not recommended. In neonates with metastatic malignant disease or malignant disease for which upfront surgical resection is not feasible without significant morbidity, an initial biopsy followed by neoadjuvant chemotherapy and delayed surgical resection is recommended. Carboplatin-based regimens should be considered when chemotherapy is indicated. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Rachana Shah, Brent R Weil, Christopher B Weldon, James F Amatruda, A Lindsay Frazier. Neonatal Malignant Disorders: Germ Cell Tumors. Clinics in perinatology. 2021 Mar;48(1):147-165

PMID: 33583501

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