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Peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) are a group of autosomal recessive disorders caused due to impaired peroxisome assembly affecting the formation of functional peroxisomes. PBDs are caused by a mutation in PEX gene family resulting in disease manifestation with extreme variability ranging from the onset of profound neurologic symptoms in newborns to progressive degenerative disease in adults. Disease causing variations in PEX7 is known to cause severe rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata type 1 and PBD 9B, an allelic disorder resulting in a milder phenotype, often indistinguishable from that of classic Refsum disease. This case report highlights the variability of PEX7 related phenotypes and suggests that other than RCDP1 and late onset phenotype similar to Refsum disease, some cases present with cataract and neurodevelopmetal abnormalities during childhood without chondrodysplasia or rhizomelia. This report also underlines the importance of considering PBD 9B in children presenting with neurodevelopmental abnormalities especially if they have congenital cataract. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Suzena Masih, Amita Moirangthem, Shubha R Phadke. Twins with PEX7 related intellectual disability and cataract: Highlighting phenotypes of peroxisome biogenesis disorder 9B. American journal of medical genetics. Part A. 2021 May;185(5):1504-1508

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PMID: 33586206

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