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    We previously identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) for prepulse inhibition (PPI), an endophenotype of schizophrenia, on mouse chromosome 10 and reported Fabp7 as a candidate gene from an analysis of F2 mice from inbred strains with high (C57BL/6N; B6) and low (C3H/HeN; C3H) PPI levels. Here, we reanalyzed the previously reported QTLs with increased marker density. The highest logarithm of odds score (26.66) peaked at a synonymous coding and splice-site variant, c.753G>A (rs257098870), in the Cdh23 gene on chromosome 10; the c.753G (C3H) allele showed a PPI-lowering effect. Bayesian multiple QTL mapping also supported the same variant with a posterior probability of 1. Thus, we engineered the c.753G (C3H) allele into the B6 genetic background, which led to dampened PPI. We also revealed an e-QTL (expression QTL) effect imparted by the c.753G>A variant for the Cdh23 expression in the brain. In a human study, a homologous variant (c.753G>A; rs769896655) in CDH23 showed a nominally significant enrichment in individuals with schizophrenia. We also identified multiple potentially deleterious CDH23 variants in individuals with schizophrenia. Collectively, the present study reveals a PPI-regulating Cdh23 variant and a possible contribution of CDH23 to schizophrenia susceptibility. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center.


    Shabeesh Balan, Tetsuo Ohnishi, Akiko Watanabe, Hisako Ohba, Yoshimi Iwayama, Manabu Toyoshima, Tomonori Hara, Yasuko Hisano, Yuki Miyasaka, Tomoko Toyota, Chie Shimamoto-Mitsuyama, Motoko Maekawa, Shusuke Numata, Tetsuro Ohmori, Tomomi Shimogori, Yoshiaki Kikkawa, Takeshi Hayashi, Takeo Yoshikawa. Role of an Atypical Cadherin Gene, Cdh23 in Prepulse Inhibition, and Implication of CDH23 in Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia bulletin. 2021 Jul 08;47(4):1190-1200

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    PMID: 33595068

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