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In this study, we have evaluated the role of karrikin (KAR1) against the absorption and translocation of a persistent organic pollutant (POP), 2,4,4'-Tribromodiphenyl ether (BDE-28) in plants, in the presence of two other stressors, cadmium (Cd) and high temperature. Furthermore, it correlates the physiological damages of Brassica alboglabra with the three stresssors separately. The results revealed that the post-germination application of KAR1 successfully augmented the growth (200%) and pertinent physiochemical parameters of B. alboglabra. KAR1 hindered air absorption of BDE-28 in plant tissues, and reduced its translocation coefficient (TF). Moreover, BDE-28 was the most negatively correlated (-0.9) stressor with chlorophyll contents, while the maximum mitigation by KAR1 was also achieved agaist BDE-28. The effect of temperature was more severe on soluble sugars (0.51), antioxidative machinery (-0.43), and osmoregulators (0.24). Cd exhibited a stronger inverse interrelation with the enzymatic antioxidant cascade. Application of KAR1 mitigated the deleterious effects of Cd and temperature stress on plant physiological parameters along with reduced aero-concentration factor, TF, and metal tolerance index. The phytohormone reduced lipid peroxidation by decreasing synthesis of ROS and persuading its breakdown. The stability of cellular membranes was perhaps due to the commotion of KAR1 as a growth-promoting phytohormone. In the same way, KAR1 supplementation augmented the membrane stability index, antioxidant defense factors, and removal efficiency of the pollutants. Consequently, the exogenously applied KAR1 can efficiently alleviate Cd stress, heat stress, and POP toxicity. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Aqeel Ahmad, Iqra Shahzadi, Samavia Mubeen, Nasim Ahmad Yasin, Waheed Akram, Waheed Ullah Khan, Tingquan Wu. Karrikinolide alleviates BDE-28, heat and Cd stressors in Brassica alboglabra by correlating and modulating biochemical attributes, antioxidative machinery and osmoregulators. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. 2021 Apr 15;213:112047

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PMID: 33601172

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