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Stabilization of the resin-dentin interface to increase the durability of adhesive dental restorations is a challenging task. The use of naturally occurring collagen crosslinking agents has been proposed to prevent degradation of the hybrid layer. Myricetin (MYR) is a flavonoid with a wide variety of beneficial effects and it has been used for the treatment of different systemic pathologies. The chemical structure of MYR makes it a powerful antioxidant, an inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, and a collagen cross-linker. This study presents MYR as a novel treatment in operative dentistry to stabilize the resin-dentin interface by inhibiting MMPs and crosslinking the collagen. Viability tests carried out using a resazurin assay showed that MYR had no cytotoxic effects on human odontoblast-like cells and the phenotype was preserved. Fluorometric MMP activity assay and fluorescence microscopy revealed that the MMPs in the demineralized dentin were effectively inhibited by the application of MYR (600 μM for 120 s). A microtensile bond strength test was performed immediately and after six months of storage. The bond strength to dentin was not affected by MYR and was preserved over time. Demineralized dentin beams were evaluated to determine the dentin biomodification using microtensile strength and elastic modulus assays. MYR improved the biomechanical behavior of the demineralized dentin similarly to glutaraldehyde, a recognized crosslinking agent. These findings indicated that MYR acts as an MMP inhibitor, collagen cross-linker, and preserver of the bond strength. Furthermore, MYR is an ethanol-soluble molecule with a lower molecular weight than the other polyphenols; hence, it can be applied for a short time and diffuses deeply through the dentin without any associated cytotoxicity. This molecule has beneficial effects on the biological and mechanical behavior of the resin-dentin interface and may be used to effectively stabilize the hybrid layer in a clinical setting. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Paula A Baldion, Cristhian C Cortes, Jaime E Castellanos, Diego E Betancourt. Effect of myricetin on odontoblast-like cells and its potential to preserve resin-dentin Bonds. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials. 2021 May;117:104392

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PMID: 33601300

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