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This study aimed to present 3 different clinical stages in patients presenting with superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) by the superior petrosal sinus (SPS). A specific 3-class classification based on clinical, radiological, and audio-vestibular arguments is proposed. We retrospectively compared clinical and radiological findings in 3 patients with different degrees of audio-vestibular dysfunction in whom the imagery evocated the diagnosis of SSCD by SPS. Imaging sensitivity was improved by combining inner ear high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging in fusion, allowing us to compare and corroborate clinical and audio-vestibular findings in each case with the imagery. HRCT and 3T inner ear fusion imaging highlighted a direct contact and/or compression between SPS and the membranous superior semicircular canal (SSC). We propose a new classification of SSCD by SPS. Class "A" corresponds to an HRCT image with a "cookie bite" and thin bone still covering the SSC. Class "B" corresponds to a "cookie bite" image with confirmed contact between the SPS wall and the membranous SSC in MRI labyrinthine sequences. Class "C" type corresponds to a "cookie bite" image, contact, and obvious compression of the membranous SSC by SPS on MRI sequences. Anatomical systematization is needed for daily practice. This classification of SSCD by SPS would contribute to a better understanding of the wide variety and variability in the occurrence and onset of symptoms.

Citation

Eugen Ionescu, Pierre Reynard, Aurélie Coudert, Lucian Roiban, Aïcha Ltaief Boudrigua, Hung Thai-Van. Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence by Superior Petrosal Sinus: Proposal for Classification. The journal of international advanced otology. 2021 Jan;17(1):35-41

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PMID: 33605219

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