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    The fracture repair process is known to be delayed in postmenopausal women, under estrogen-deficient status. Osteoporotic fracture mainly occurs in the metaphyseal region of the long bone; however, most studies on fracture healing have focused on the diaphyseal region. In this study, we compared the repair process between metaphysis and diaphysis of ovariectomized (OVX) and Sham mice, and analyzed the effects of short-term estrogen administration in OVX mice. Mice were divided into four experimental groups, including Sham, OVX, OVX + vehicle, and OVX + 17β-estradiol (E2). Bone apertures were formed in the tibial metaphysis and diaphysis. The samples were collected and examined by micro-computed tomography, and using histological, histochemical, and immunohistochemical analysis at different time points after the surgery. The cartilaginous callus was formed at the diaphysis site of both the groups, which was sequentially replaced by bone on the periosteum side. Medullary callus was formed in all the groups; however, the volume of the callus in OVX mice was significantly lesser (˜30%) than that in Sham mice. Furthermore, in the metaphysis, no differences were observed in the medullary callus and bone mineral density between the two groups from day 21 to 28. The diaphysis of OVX group was not completely repaired even by day 28. In both the sites of OVX mice, ALP activity and disappearance of Gr-1 positive cells were delayed compared to that of Sham. Estrogen administration improved medullary callus formation in the diaphysis, however not in the metaphysis. The effect of ovariectomy on the repair process in diaphysis was greater than that in metaphysis. Our findings clarify the differences between the metaphysis and diaphysis repair process using OVX mouse model and suggest that the estrogen sensitivities differ between the sites during the bone repair process. Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


    Satoshi Inoue, Kaoru Fujikawa, Miwako Matsuki-Fukushima, Masanori Nakamura. Effect of ovariectomy induced osteoporosis on metaphysis and diaphysis repair process. Injury. 2021 Feb 14

    PMID: 33610313

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