Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • aerosol (1)
  • air pollutants (4)
  • hong kong (3)
  • light (2)
  • typhoon (8)
  • wind (4)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    High particulate matter (PM) and ozone (O3) concentration in Hong Kong are frequently observed during the summertime typhoon season. Despite the critical effect of a typhoon on air pollution, contributions of vertical wind profile and cloud movement during transboundary air pollution (TAP) on surface PM and O3 concentration have yet to be fully understood. This work is the first study to apply a network of Doppler light detection and ranging (LiDAR) as well as back trajectory analysis to comprehensively analyze the effect of a weak Typhoon (Danas) occurring during 16-19 July 2019 on different variations in PM and O3 concentration. During the typhoon Danas, three types of surface air pollution with five episodes were identified: (1) low PM and high O3 concentration; (2) co-occurring high PM and O3 concentration and (3) high PM and low O3 concentration. Employing our 3D Real-Time Atmospheric Monitoring System (3DREAMs) along with surface observations, we found the important role of TAP in the increases in surface PM and O3 concentration with significant vertical wind shear that transported air pollutants at upper levels, and strong vertical mixing that brought air pollutants to the ground level. Cloud movement related to typhoon periphery, as well as high solar radiation due to sinking motion and remote transport by continental wind, have an impact on local O3 concentration. For the substantial difference in O3 concentration between two air quality measurement sites, the similar vertical aerosol distributions and wind profiles suggest the comparable TAP contributions at the two sites and thus infer the critical role of local O3 photochemical process in the O3 difference. This work comprehensively reveals the influences of a weak typhoon on variations in PM and O3 during the five episodes, providing important references for air quality monitoring and forecast in regions under the influence of typhoon. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Tao Huang, Yuanjian Yang, Ewan James O'Connor, Simone Lolli, Jim Haywood, Martin Osborne, Jack Chin-Ho Cheng, Jianping Guo, Steve Hung-Lam Yim. Influence of a weak typhoon on the vertical distribution of air pollution in Hong Kong: A perspective from a Doppler LiDAR network. Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987). 2021 May 01;276:116534

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 33611194

    View Full Text