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    Large of food waste can be one indicator of nutritional deficiencies in patients. This lack of nutrition is a factor that can increase morbidity, length of stay and cost of care. The acceptance of the taste of food in patients with low-salt diets is often a problem. This study aimed to assess the effect of taste and appearance of foods on food waste in patients with low-salt diets. The study was a cross-sectional design with observational methods. Data was collection from interview using questionnaire. The study was conducted at the Jasa Kartini (JK) Hospital, Tasikmalaya in August-October 2017. Subjects (n=30) were patients in low-salt diet. The acceptance of the taste and appearance of food from JK Hospital according to the respondents, the value was quite varied, generally above the median value on a scale of 1-3. The average of food waste from patients with low-salt diets at JK Hospital was still above the PGRS (Nutritional Guideline for Hospital) standard 2013, which was 26%. Based on the analysis between variables, there was a significant relationship between food waste and food taste (p=0.002) and food waste and food appearance (p=0.000) in low-salt diets patients. The taste and appearance of food significantly affect the food waste in low-salt diet patients.


    Sumarto, Marianawati Saragih. Does the Taste and Appearance of Food Affect Food Waste in Low-Salt Diet Patients? Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology. 2020;66(Supplement):S56-S62

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    PMID: 33612649

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