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Objective The intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is activated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) levels, a surrogate marker of the intrarenal RAS activation, are associated with blood pressure (BP) and urinary albumin excretion. In addition, it has been shown that changes in urinary AGT levels correlate with annual changes in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with type 2 diabetes and that elevated levels of urinary AGT in type 2 diabetic patients with albuminuria are a high-risk factor for worsening renal and cardiovascular complications. However, whether or not baseline urinary AGT levels predict deterioration of the kidney function in all patients with CKD is unclear. Methods We recruited 62 patients with CKD whose eGFR was >15 mL/min/1.73 m2. We performed 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring at 30-min intervals and daily urinary collection to examine the urinary AGT levels and albumin excretion and measured the levels of plasma angiotensin II (Ang II), a surrogate marker of circulating RAS. In addition, annual changes in the eGFR were followed up for 3.4±1.5 years. Results Annual changes in the eGFR were significantly and negatively associated with urinary AGT levels (r=-0.31, p=0.015) as well as the age, systolic BP, and urinary albumin levels. In contrast, annual changes in the eGFR were not correlated with plasma Ang II levels. Furthermore, when dividing patients into quartiles according to urinary AGT levels, patients with the highest urinary AGT levels showed a progressive decline in the eGFR. Conclusion These results suggest that elevated baseline urinary AGT levels can predict renal dysfunction in patients with CKD.


Sayaka Ishigaki, Naro Ohashi, Taro Aoki, Takashi Matsuyama, Shinsuke Isobe, Taichi Sato, Tomoyuki Fujikura, Akihiko Kato, Hideo Yasuda. Baseline Urinary Angiotensinogen Excretion Predicts Deterioration of the Kidney Function in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan). 2021 Jul 15;60(14):2201-2206

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PMID: 33612680

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