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Nowadays, the use of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is reduced to its seeds. In fact, the food additive E410, locust bean gum, is obtained from its endosperm. However, the available information regarding the bioactive potential of carob seeds is limited and, often, with poorly established terminologies, not allowing the reader to know if the studied samples included seedless or seeded samples. So, the present study intended to carry out a chemical characterization of carob seeds focused on their bioactive compounds and test their bioactive properties. Carob seeds proved to be a source of tocopherols and organic acids, including phenolic compounds. Its antioxidant potential was demonstrated in vitro, as well as its antimicrobial capacity. This work proves that carob seeds have other functions in addition to those associated with E410. Thus, another potential can be given to the locust bean seed, namely the function of food preservative. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Siwar Ben Ayache, Filipa S Reis, Maria Inês Dias, Carla Pereira, Jasmina Glamočlija, Marina Soković, Emna Behija Saafi, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Lillian Barros, Lotfi Achour. Chemical characterization of carob seeds (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and use of different extraction techniques to promote its bioactivity. Food chemistry. 2021 Jul 30;351:129263

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PMID: 33631614

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