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Leadership is the ability to influence, guide and encourage employees to achieve organizational goals. Leadership has a significant role in organizations' success or failure. Thus, this paper aims to develop a model to elucidate leadership practices in the Iranian health-care organizations (HCOs). Qualitative approach was used in this study due to its explorative nature. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 key managers and 30 professionals working at different HCOs. Inductive analysis was carried out using the grounded theory approach to develop an initial leadership model for HCOs. The proposed model subsequently was verified by an experts' panel. The proposed leadership model emerged from the Iranian HCOs encompasses six main categories: leader, followers, high-ups and peers, context, processes and outcomes. Leader, followers and contexts as main categories did also have further sub-categories. Study findings are cautiously transferrable as it reflects the Iranian context. While the model was verified, it might still benefit from more and diverse views. This model can be used by health-care policymakers and managers for improving managers' leadership competencies and practices and enhancing health outcomes through motivating and mobilizing health-care resources toward achieving organizational goals. This study aims to give an answer for "what is the current status of leadership in Iranian HCOs?" and "how can we reinforce the strengths and address the weaknesses?" © Emerald Publishing Limited.


Ebrahim Jaafaripooyan, Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad, Maryam Ghiasipour, Iyad Ibrahim Shaqura. A leadership model for Iranian health-care organizations. Leadership in health services (Bradford, England). 2020 Nov 30;33(4):461-475

PMID: 33635021

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