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The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of the different physical factors on low-density lipoproteins (LDL) accumulation from flowing blood to the arterial wall of the left coronary arteries. The three-dimensional (3D) computational model of the left coronary arterial tree is reconstructed from a patient-specific computed tomography angiography (CTA) image. The endothelium of the coronary artery is represented by a shear stress dependent three-pore model. Fluid-structure interaction ([Formula: see text]) based numerical method is used to study the LDL transport from vascular lumen into the arterial wall. The results show that the high elastic property of the arterial wall decreases the complexity of the local flow field in the coronary bifurcation system. The places of high levels of LDL uptake coincide with the regions of low wall shear stress. In addition, hypertension promotes LDL uptake from flowing blood in the arterial wall, while the thickened arterial wall decreases this process. The present computer strategy combining the methods of coronary CTA image 3D reconstruction, [Formula: see text] simulation, and three-pore modeling was illustrated to be effective on the simulation of the distribution and the uptake of LDL. This may have great potential for the early prediction of the local atherosclerosis lesion in the human left coronary artery.


Xueping Chen, Jian Zhuang, Huanlei Huang, Yueheng Wu. Fluid-structure interactions (FSI) based study of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) uptake in the left coronary artery. Scientific reports. 2021 Feb 26;11(1):4803

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PMID: 33637804

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