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    This study deals with the genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity of the marine Nocardiopsis alba strains isolated during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. The isolates were characterized for their morphological and biochemical attributes, growth media preferences, antibiotic susceptibility and extracellular enzyme secretion. Nocardiopsis alba strains were assessed against 12 different antibiotics, and the responses were expressed in terms of the multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR) number. The majority of the strains produced multiple extracellular enzymes: proteases, amylases and lipases. Further, the strains were characterized on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing and the majority were identified as Nocardiopsis alba along with few strains of Streptomyces lopnurensis, Nocardiopsis synnemataformans and Nocardiopsis dassonvillei. Neighbor-joining (NJ) phylogenetic tree suggested variation among the genetically similar Nocardiopsis alba species. The study establishes significant heterogeneity with respect to genetic and phenotypic characteristics of the strains of Nocardiopsis alba. Phylogenetic tree and phenogram-based comparison reflect the heterogeneity in terms of different clustering patterns of the strains. Further, the whole genome sequence data available in the literature also confirm the observed heterogeneity. Nocardiopsis alba strains displayed a relatively regressive pattern of dependence on the environmental factors based on the canonical correspondence analysis plot. The study represents cultivation, characterization, phylogenetic analysis and enzymatic potential of the Nocardiopsis alba species of seawater origin.


    Dalip Singh Rathore, Mahejbin A Sheikh, Sangeeta D Gohel, Satya P Singh. Genetic and Phenotypic Heterogeneity of the Nocardiopsis alba Strains of Seawater. Current microbiology. 2021 Apr;78(4):1377-1387

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    PMID: 33646381

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