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To explore the experiences of women and health care professionals with misoprostol as a first line treatment for non-viable pregnancy. Additionally, we investigated to what extent adding this treatment to primary care will prevent a referral to secondary care. Retrospective mixed methods study METHOD: Pregnant women with a non-viable pregnancy with a gestational age shorter than 12 weeks treated by community midwives in Nijmegen Lent as part of an on-going pilot project were included. Quantitative data regarding treatment outcomes and patient satisfaction were collected and analysed descriptively. In addition, semi structured interviews were performed with five patients and five primary care professionals on their experiences with this treatment. In total 24 women with 25 non-viable pregnancies were included. Of all women, 96% was satisfied about the treatment and 75% would choose primary care treatment again if they would have another non-viable pregnancy. Referral to a secondary care was prevented in 56% of the cases. Four main themes were found from the interviews: 1) Choice of health care, 2) Collaboration of the health care chain, 3) Competence of the midwives and the womens confidence in this, and 4) Disappointments. One overarching theme emerged that covered all other themes: Patient-centered care. Misoprostol as treatment for non-viable pregnancy in primary care is an acceptable alternative for women and health care professionals. Addition of misoprostol treatment in primary care prevents a referral to the secondary care in most cases treated with misoprostol.

Citation

Liza Hamstra, Martine Hollander, Rogier Jaspers, Marlies Garritsen, Ceciel Segers, Jeroen van Dillen. Treatment for non-viable pregnancy in primary care]. Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde. 2021 Feb 18;165

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PMID: 33651506

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