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The myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) adaptor mediates signaling by Toll-like receptors and some interleukins (ILs) in neural and non-neuronal cells. Recently, MyD88 protein was found to express in primary sensory neurons and be involved in the maintenance of persistent pain induced by complete Freund's adjuvant, chronic constriction injury and chemotherapy treatment in rodents. However, whether MyD88 in nociceptive neurons contributes to persistent pain induced by intraplantar injection of formalin remains elusive. Here, using conditional knockout (CKO) mice, we found that selective deletion of Myd88 in Nav1.8-expressing primary nociceptive neurons led to reduced pain response in the recovery phase of 1% formalin-induced mechanical pain and impaired the persistent thermal pain. Moreover, CKO mice exhibited reduced phase II pain response in 1%, but not 5%, formalin-induced acute inflammatory pain. Finally, nociceptor MyD88 deletion resulted in less neuronal c-Fos activation in spinal dorsal horns following 1% formalin stimulation. These data suggest that MyD88 in nociceptive neurons is not only involved in persistent mechanical pain but also promotes the transition from acute inflammatory pain to persistent thermal hyperalgesia induced by low-dose formalin stimulation. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Zuo-Jie Jiang, Qing-Yi Li, Ying-Ying Zhang, Mei-Xing Zeng, Han Hu, Feng-Ming Zhang, Ling-Bo Bi, Jia-Hui Gu, Xing-Jun Liu. Deletion of MyD88 adaptor in nociceptor alleviates low-dose formalin-induced acute pain and persistent pain in mice. Neuroreport. 2021 Mar 24;32(5):378-385

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PMID: 33661805

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