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Ribonucleotides are frequently incorporated into DNA and can be used as a marker of DNA replication enzymology. To investigate on a genome-wide scale, how E. coli pol V accesses undamaged chromosomal DNA during the SOS response, we mapped the location of ribonucleotides incorporated by steric gate variants of pol V across the entire E. coli genome. To do so, we used strains that are deficient in ribonucleotide excision repair (ΔrnhB), deficient in pol IV DNA polymerase, constitutively express all SOS-regulated genes [lexA(Def)] and constitutively "activated" RecA* (recA730). The strains also harbor two steric gate variants of E. coli pol V (Y11A, or F10L), or a homolog of pol V, (pol VR391-Y13A). Ribonucleotides are frequently incorporated by the pol V-Y11A and pol VR391-Y13A variants, with a preference to the lagging strand. In contrast, the pol V-F10L variant incorporates less ribonucleotides and no strand preference is observed. Sharp transitions in strand specificity are observed at the replication origin (oriC), while a gradient is observed at the termination region. To activate RecA* in a recA+ strain, we treated the strains with ciprofloxacin and genome-wide mapped the location of the incorporated ribonucleotides. Again, the pol V-Y11A steric gate variant exhibited a lagging strand preference. Our data are consistent with a specific role for pol V in lagging strand DNA synthesis across the entire E. coli genome during the SOS response. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Mahmood Faraz, Roger Woodgate, Anders R Clausen. Tracking Escherichia coli DNA polymerase V to the entire genome during the SOS response. DNA repair. 2021 May;101:103075

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PMID: 33662762

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