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    The current study aims to investigate the impact of paradoxical (REM) sleep deprivation and/or epileptic seizures on rat's cortical brain tissues. Animals were divided into four groups; control, epileptic, REM sleep deprived and epileptic subjected to REM sleep deprivation. Electrocorticogram (ECoG) signals were recorded and quantitatively analyzed for each group. Concentrations of amino acid neurotransmitters; proinflammatory cytokines; and oxidative stress parameters; and acetylcholinesterase activity were determined in the cortex of the animals in different groups. Results showed significant variations in the spectral distribution of ECoG waves in the epilepsy model, 24- and 48-hours of REM sleep deprivation and their combined effects indicating a state of cortical hyperexcitability. Significant increases in NO and taurine and significant decrement in glutamine, GABA and glycine were determined. In REM sleep deprived rats significant elevation in glutamate, aspartate, glycine and taurine and a significant lowering in GABA were obtained. This was accompanied by significant reduction in AchE and IL-β. In the cortical tissue of epileptic rats deprived from REM sleep significant increases in lipid peroxidation, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and aspartate and a significant reduction in AchE were observed. The present data indicate that REM sleep deprivation induces an increase in lipid peroxidation and storming in proinflammatory cytokines in the cortex of rat model of epilepsy during SRS. These changes are associated with a decreased seizure threshold as inferred from the increase in alpha and Beta waves and a decrease in Delta waves of ECoG. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Haitham S Mohammed, Yasser A Khadrawy. Electrophysiological and neurochemical evaluation of the adverse effects of REM sleep deprivation and epileptic seizures on rat's brain. Life sciences. 2021 May 15;273:119303

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    PMID: 33667518

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