Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Non-dystrophic myotonias have been linked to loss-of-function mutations in the ClC-1 chloride channel or gain-of-function mutations in the Nav1.4 sodium channel. Here, we describe a family with members diagnosed with Thomsen's disease. One novel mutation (p.W322*) in CLCN1 and one undescribed mutation (p.R1463H) in SCN4A are segregating in this family. The CLCN1-p.W322* was also found in an unrelated family, in compound heterozygosity with the known CLCN1-p.G355R mutation. One reported mutation, SCN4A-p.T1313M, was found in a third family. Both CLCN1 mutations exhibited loss-of-function: CLCN1-p.W322* probably leads to a non-viable truncated protein; for CLCN1-p.G355R, we predict structural damage, triggering important steric clashes. The SCN4A-p.R1463H produced a positive shift in the steady-state inactivation increasing window currents and a faster recovery from inactivation. These gain-of-function effects are probably due to a disruption of interaction R1463-D1356, which destabilizes the voltage sensor domain (VSD) IV and increases the flexibility of the S4-S5 linker. Finally, modelling suggested that the p.T1313M induces a strong decrease in protein flexibility on the III-IV linker. This study demonstrates that CLCN1-p.W322* and SCN4A-p.R1463H mutations can act alone or in combination as inducers of myotonia. Their co-segregation highlights the necessity for carrying out deep genetic analysis to provide accurate genetic counseling and management of patients.


Oscar Brenes, Raffaella Barbieri, Melissa Vásquez, Rebeca Vindas-Smith, Jeffrey Roig, Adarli Romero, Gerardo Del Valle, Luis Bermúdez-Guzmán, Sara Bertelli, Michael Pusch, Fernando Morales. Functional and Structural Characterization of ClC-1 and Nav1.4 Channels Resulting from CLCN1 and SCN4A Mutations Identified Alone and Coexisting in Myotonic Patients. Cells. 2021 Feb 11;10(2)

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 33670307

View Full Text