Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • adult (1)
  • donor (1)
  • female (1)
  • foot (1)
  • humans (1)
  • injuries (1)
  • knee (1)
  • lower extremity (3)
  • sural (5)
  • tendons (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap is a thin, pliable, and versatile flap. It is a fasciocutaneous flap with chimeric design capacity. The donor site permits the synchronous harvesting of nonvascularized tendons and nerves. Free MSAP flap is suitable for foot, ankle, and distal one-third of the leg reconstructions. Pedicled MSAP flap is an alternative flap for knee and proximal two-thirds of leg defects, covering classical lower limb reconstruction territories of soleus, medial, and lateral gastrocnemius muscle flap. Computed tomography angiography, indocyanine green, and endoscopic-assist dissection enhances MSAP flap surgical planning and reduces its technical adversities and complications. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Cheng-Hung Lin, Yun-Huan Hsieh, Chih-Hung Lin. The Medial Sural Artery Perforator Flap in Lower Extremity Reconstruction. Clinics in plastic surgery. 2021 Apr;48(2):249-257

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    PMID: 33674046

    View Full Text