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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the most common cause of adult morbidity and mortality in developed nations. As a result, predisposition for CVD is increasingly important to understand. Ankyrins are intracellular proteins required for the maintenance of membrane domains. Canonical ankyrin-G (AnkG) has been shown to be vital for normal cardiac function, specifically cardiac excitability, via targeting and regulation of the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel. Non-canonical (giant) AnkG isoforms play a key role in neuronal membrane biogenesis and excitability, with evidence for human neurologic disease when aberrant. However, the role of giant AnkG in cardiovascular tissue has yet to be explored. Here, we identify giant AnkG in the myocardium and identify that it is enriched in 1-week old mice. Using a new mouse model lacking giant AnkG expression in myocytes, we identify that young mice displayed a dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype with aberrant electrical conduction and enhanced arrhythmogenicity. Structural and electrical dysfunction occurred at 1-week of age, when giant AnkG was highly expressed, and did not appreciably change in adulthood until advanced age. At a cellular level, loss of giant AnkG results in delayed and early afterdepolarizations. However, surprisingly, giant AnkG cKO myocytes display normal INa, but abnormal myocyte contractility, suggesting unique roles of the large isoform in heart. Finally, transcript analysis provided evidence for unique pathways that may contribute to the structural and electrical findings shown in giant AnkG cKO animals. In summary, we identify a critical role for giant AnkG that adds to the diversity of ankyrin function in heart. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Omer Cavus, Jordan Williams, Hassan Musa, Mona El Refaey, Dan Gratz, Rebecca Shaheen, Neill A Schwieterman, Sara Koenig, Steve Antwi-Boasiako, Lindsay J Young, Xianyao Xu, Mei Han, Loren E Wold, Thomas J Hund, Peter J Mohler, Elisa A Bradley. Giant ankyrin-G regulates cardiac function. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2021 Mar 03:100507

PMID: 33675749

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