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African horse sickness (AHS) is a highly infectious and deadly disease despite availability of vaccines. Molecular characterization of African horse sickness virus (AHSV) detected from the March 2020 Thailand outbreak was carried out by whole-genome sequencing using Nanopore with a Sequence-Independent Single Primer Amplification (SISPA) approach. Nucleotide sequence of the whole genome was compared with closest matching AHSV strains using phylogenetic analyses and the AHSV-1 virus shared high sequence identity with isolates from the same outbreak. Substitution analysis revealed non-synonymous and synonymous substitutions in the VP2 gene as compared to circulating South African strains. The use of sequencing technologies, such as Nanopore with SISPA, has enabled rapid detection, identification and detailed genetic characterization of the AHS virus for informed decision-making and implementation of disease control measures. Active genetic information sharing has also allowed emergence of AHSV to be better monitored on a global basis. © 2021 The Authors. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


Xinyu Toh, Yifan Wang, Menaka Priyadharsani Rajapakse, Bernett Lee, Tapanut Songkasupa, Nutthakarn Suwankitwat, Attapon Kamlangdee, Charlene Judith Fernandez, Taoqi Huangfu. Use of nanopore sequencing to characterize african horse sickness virus (AHSV) from the African horse sickness outbreak in thailand in 2020. Transboundary and emerging diseases. 2022 May;69(3):1010-1019

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PMID: 33682298

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