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Cohesin is a conserved chromatin-binding multisubunit protein complex involved in diverse chromosomal transactions such as sister-chromatid cohesion, chromosome condensation, regulation of gene expression, DNA replication, and repair. While working with a budding yeast temperature-sensitive mutant, mcd1-1, defective in a cohesin subunit, we observed that it was resistant to zymolyase, indicating an altered cell wall organization. The budding yeast cell wall is a strong but elastic structure essential for maintenance of cell shape and protection from extreme environmental challenges. Here, we show that the cohesin complex plays an important role in cell wall maintenance. Cohesin mutants showed high chitin content in the cell wall and sensitivity to multiple cell wall stress-inducing agents. Interestingly, temperature-dependent lethality of cohesin mutants was osmoremedial, in a HOG1-MAPK pathway-dependent manner, suggesting that the temperature sensitivity of these mutants may arise partially from cell wall defects. Moreover, Mpk1 hyper-phosphorylation indicated activation of the cell wall integrity (CWI) signaling pathway in cohesin mutants. Genetic interaction analysis revealed that the CWI pathway is essential for survival of mcd1-1 upon additional cell wall stress. The cell wall defect was independent of the cohesion function and accompanied by misregulation of expression of several genes having cell wall-related functions. Our findings reveal a requirement of cohesin in maintenance of CWI that is independent of the CWI pathway, and that may arise from cohesin's role in regulating the expression of multiple genes encoding proteins involved in cell wall organization and biosynthesis. © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Genetics Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

Citation

Deepash Kothiwal, Swagathnath Gopinath, Shikha Laloraya. Cohesin dysfunction results in cell wall defects in budding yeast. Genetics. 2021 Mar 03;217(1):1-16


PMID: 33683362

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