Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • bacillus (1)
  • ecosystem (1)
  • enzymes (1)
  • isotopes nitrogen (3)
  • nitrate (12)
  • nitrite (1)
  • nitrogen (3)
  • oxygen (5)
  • reductases (7)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Dissimilatory nitrate reduction (DNR) to nitrite is the first step in denitrification, the main process through which bioavailable nitrogen is removed from ecosystems. DNR is catalyzed by both cytosolic (Nar) and periplasmic (Nap) nitrate reductases and fractionates the stable isotopes of nitrogen (14N, 15N) and oxygen (16O, 18O), which is reflected in residual environmental nitrate pools. Data on the relationship between the pattern in oxygen vs nitrogen isotope fractionation (18ε/15ε) suggests that systematic differences exist between marine and terrestrial ecosystems that are not fully understood. We examined the 18ε/15ε of nitrate-reducing microorganisms that encode Nar, Nap, or both enzymes, as well as gene deletion mutants of Nar and Nap to test the hypothesis that enzymatic differences alone could explain the environmental observations. We find that the distribution of 18ε/15ε fractionation ratios of all examined nitrate reductases forms two distinct peaks centered around an 18ε/15ε proportionality of 0.55 (Nap) and 0.91 (Nar), with the notable exception of the Bacillus Nar reductases, which cluster isotopically with the Nap reductases. Our findings may explain differences in 18ε/15ε fractionation between marine and terrestrial systems and challenge current knowledge about Nar 18ε/15ε signatures.


    Ciara K Asamoto, Kaitlin R Rempfert, Victoria H Luu, Adam D Younkin, Sebastian H Kopf. Enzyme-Specific Coupling of Oxygen and Nitrogen Isotope Fractionation of the Nap and Nar Nitrate Reductases. Environmental science & technology. 2021 Apr 20;55(8):5537-5546

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 33687201

    View Full Text