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In the medulla of bursal follicle, only the secretory dendritic cell (BSDC) is furnished with secretory machinery. The granular discharge of BSDC appears in membrane-bound and solubilized forms. Movat pentachrome staining proves that the solubilized form is a glycoprotein, which fills up the extracellular space of follicular medulla. The glycoprotein contributes to bursal microenvironment and may be attached to the surface of medullary lymphocytes. The secretory granules of BSDC may be fused, resulting in large, irregular dense bodies, which are the first sign of BSDC transformation to macrophage-like cells (Mal). To determine the effect of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection on the extracellular glycoprotein and BSDC, SPF chickens were experimentally infected with IBDV. On the surface of BSDC, the secretory substance is in high concentration, which may contribute to primary binding of IBDV to BSDC. The early distribution of IBDV infected cells is in consent with that BSDC. The IBDV infected BSDC rapidly transforms to Mal in which the glycoprotein staining appears. In the dense bodies, the packed virus particles inhibit the virus particles preventing the granular discharge, which may represent the first, early phase of virus replication cycle. The absence of extracellular glycoprotein results in alteration in the medullary microenvironment and subsequently B cell apoptosis. On the surface of medullary B cells, the solubilized secretory substance can be in much lower concentration, which results in secondary binding of IBDV to B cells. In secondary, late phase of virus replication cycle, the virus particles are not packed in electron dense substance which results in cytolytic lymphocytes and presence of virus in extracellular space. The Mal emigrates into the cortex, where induces inflammation, recruiting heterophil granulocyte and monocyte. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Balázs Felföldi, Ildikó Bódi, Krisztina Minkó, Zsófia Benyeda, Nándor Nagy, Attila Magyar, Imre Oláh. Infection of bursal disease virus abrogates the extracellular glycoprotein in the follicular medulla. Poultry science. 2021 Apr;100(4):101000

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PMID: 33690054

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